Magnetic Random Access Memories (MRAM) is a non-volatile memory technology, where information is stored by the magnetization direction of magnetic electrodes, very similar to computer hard-disk drives. The goal for MRAM memory is to simultaneously achieve high-speed read/write times, high density and unlimited cycling compared to other existing and emerging technologies.
Our group is developing advanced MRAM cell concepts patented at Spintec. The concepts are based on the use of temperature to reduce power consumption and increase the stability of the stored information. These ideas go beyond the conventional MRAM approach. The naturally occurring temperature increase during the write step is not lost, but is instead used to achieve the seemingly opposing goal of lowering the power consumption and increasing the thermal stability in the operating temperature range. Our group fosters young and experienced researchers developing/applying their expertise in the field of MRAM.
Questions to be addressed
Our main research axis is to use the naturally occurring temperature increase during the write step, when a current flows through the magnetic tunnel junction. The heating is used to go above a temperature threshold, making it possible to write the storage layer magnetization. This principle has been applied to in-plane magnetization cells using a storage layer pinned by an anti-ferromagnet and recently to perpendicular anisotropy cells. Our group’s goal is to demonstrate the proof-of-concept and then improve MRAM cell properties.
Our work involves the development of magnetic material systems, nano-fabrication (20-200nm cells), characterization of devices (magnetic & electrical) and simulation of the device behavior. Our activity in these vast fields is as follows;: On materials research, we are developing magnetic tunnel junctions with in-plane and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. New electrode stacks having the material properties required by each specific concept need to be integrated in magnetic tunnel junctions, while achieving high levels of TMR signal. For the characterization of each concept we determine the write window parameters in terms of magnetic field, power consumption and magnetization reversal dynamics. Macrospin and micromagnetic simulation provide a better physical understanding of the system properties and the possibilities for optimization.
ANR EXCALYB – Perpendicular Anisotropy Materials for High-Density Non-volatile Magnetic Memory Cells
Crocus R&D – Thermally assisted MRAM
- Review – Two-dimensional materials prospects for non-volatile spintronic memories [August 17th, 2022]
H. Yang✉, S. O. Valenzuela✉, M. Chshiev, S. Couet, B. Dieny, B. Dlubak, A. Fert, K. Garello, M. Jamet, D.-E. Jeong, K. Lee, T. Lee, M.-B. Martin, G. S. Kar, P. Sénéor, H.-J. Shin, S. ...
- Post-doctoral position [August 04th, 2022]
Context: In the frame of different European and French national projects, SPINTEC has several openings for postdoctoral positions. The projects consider memory, microwave and sensor functionalities to develop novel hardware concepts for unconventional computing, to ...
- Review – Spin-orbit torque switching of magnetic tunnel junctions for memory applications [August 03rd, 2022]
Viola Krizakova, Manu Perumkunnil, Sebastien Couet, Pietro Gambardella, Kevin Garello, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (2022). In this Review, the phenomenon of spin-orbit torques (SOT) is reviewed, from the fundamentals to prospects for applications. Spin-orbit torques (SOT) provide ...
- PEPR Electronics – Priority Programs and Equipment for Research [July 29th, 2022]
SPINTEC involved in the PEPR electronics recently funded by the French government in the framework of the national France 2030 strategy On July 12, 2022, the President of the Republic presented in Crolles the ...
- PEPR SPIN – Priority Programs and Equipment for Exploratory Research [July 29th, 2022]
France is investing more than 38M€ in Spintronics thanks to the PEPR-SPIN exploratory program! SPIN is among the 13 new exploratory programs winners of the second wave of calls for projects Priority Programs and ...