MRAM

Overview

The Magnetic Random Access Memories (MRAM) group develops advanced concepts in this emerging technology. The goal is to realize cells with improved thermal stability, lower power consumption and/or faster switching. Our research covers material stack deposition, nano-fabrication and electrical test evaluation, for applications as standalone memory and non-volatile logic and more recently in neuromorphic computing architectures.

Research directions

Perpendicular Anisotropy Materials

High energy barriers for spin transfer torque (STT) MRAM cells can be achieved with perpendicular anisotropy magnetic tunnel junctions. Solutions for high density MRAM cells to diameters below 20nm require continuous improvements in perpendicular surface anisotropy, while maintaining high TMR properties.

Perpendicular STT MRAM

Evaluation of MRAM concepts requires simulation of expected reversal mechanisms and electrical characterization of individual cells. We aim at understanding dynamics of magnetization reversal and the expected impact of stack modifications to explore application specific optimizations.

Nanofabrication Challenges

Innovation on dense MRAM using pre-patterned substrates, CMOS integration of multifunctional cells and sub-10nm lateral sizes. Tunnel junction nanofabrication in our platform is essential to evaluate MRAM concepts and performance.

Perpendicular Shape Anisotropy

A solution for sub-10nm cell sizes uses high aspect ratios to generate perpendicular shape anisotropy providing scalable retention at the smallest cell sizes. Spin transfer torque switching is possible in these cells, where the reversal dynamics is now under study.

The team

Former members

Post-docs

  • Andrey TIMOPHEEV (2014-2017)
  • Van Dai NGUYEN (2016-2018)
  • J. Ranier Roiz (2015-2016)
  • Nikita Strelkov (2016-2019)

PhD

  • Luc TILLIE (2015-2018)
  • Nicolas PERRISSIN (2015-2018)
  • Jyotirmoy CHATTERGEE (2014-2017)
  • Hieu Tan NGUYEN (2013-2016)
  • Antoine Chavent (2013-2015)

Process Engineers

  • Jude GUELFFUCCI (2015-2017)
  • Nathalie LAMARD (2016-2017)
  • Guillaume LAVAITTE (2015-2016)

Projects

  • Samsung SGMI (2014-2017)
  • ANR Excalyb (2014-2017)
  • Heumem (2015-2018)
  • EU-FET Spice (2016-2019)
  • EU Great (2016-2019)
  • ERC Magical (2015-2020)

Partners

  • CEA LETI, Grenoble, France
  • Institut NEEL, Grenoble, France
  • Crocus Technology, Grenoble, France
  • Samsung, San Jose, USA
  • Singulus AG, Kahl am Main, Germany
  • Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
  • Radboud Universiteit, Neijmegen, Netherlands

Recent news

  • Introductory Course on Magnetic Random Access Memory (InMRAM 2021) (October 08th, 2021)Introductory Course on Magnetic Random Access Memory (InMRAM 2021)
    This introductory course aims at helping students, researchers and engineers having little or no background in magnetism to better understand the physics and working principles of this new class of magnetic memory called MRAMs (Magnetic ...
  • Masters thesis projects for Spring 2022 (September 17th, 2021)Masters thesis projects for Spring 2022
    You find here the list of proposals for Master-2 internships to take place at Spintec during Spring 2022. In most cases, these internships are intended to be suitable for a longer-term PhD work. Interested Master-1 ...
  • Heavy ion irradiation effects on advanced Perpendicular Anisotropy Spin-Transfer Torque Magnetic Tunnel Junction (September 10th, 2021)Heavy ion irradiation effects on advanced Perpendicular Anisotropy Spin-Transfer Torque Magnetic Tunnel Junction
    This study investigates heavy-ion irradiation effects on Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy Spin-Transfer Torque Magnetic Tunnel Junction devices (p-STT-MTJs). The radiative campaign took place at the Cyclotron Resource Centre of Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL).   Designers of space ...
  • Route towards efficient magnetization reversal driven by voltage control of magnetic anisotropy (July 06th, 2021)Route towards efficient magnetization reversal driven by voltage control of magnetic anisotropy
    Using a macrospin approach, we carried out a systematic analysis of the role of the voltage controlled magnetic anisotropy on the magnetization dynamics of nanostructures with out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy. Diagrams of the magnetization switching have ...
  • NeuSPIN – An ANR project (June 24th, 2021)NeuSPIN – An ANR project
    NeuSPIN stands for Design of a reliable edge neuromorphic system based on spintronics for Green AI. Current computing architectures with separate processing and memory blocks are not ideal for energy-efficient learning and inference processing ...

Publications

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