ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Overview

The transversal team aims at bringing together all competencies from SPINTEC involving spintronic devices nanofabrication, characterization, circuit integration, architecture, and algorithm techniques to implement hardware solutions for artificial intelligence (AI) and unconventional computing.

Spintronic-based multifunctional devices are a substantial opportunity to improve the energy efficiency of next-generation computing hardware. Moreover, this approach allows taking advantage of brain-inspired computing models to deploy cutting-edge neuromorphic algorithms, crossing the gap between current hardware AI implementations and exceptional brain computing ability.

Research topics

Bio-inspired computing

As the brain performs very sophisticated operations and consumes only a few Watts, brain-inspired/neuromorphic computing is a promising path for which spintronic devices can efficiently emulate both neurons and synapses in hardware. Their nanometric size, sensitivity to input stimuli, and interactions make those devices ideal for implementing large arrays of neuro-synaptic elements: spintronic nano-oscillators, spintronic and ferroelectric memristors, magnetic memories, superparamagnetic tunnel junctions, skyrmions, etc.

Probabilistic computing

Noise is a crucial ingredient in emulating the stochastic nature of the neural activity and executing energy-efficient computing algorithms such as energy-based or temporal-based machine learning models. In this context, probabilistic computing is a very suitable approach that relaxes usual precision computing constraints. The truly random nature of spintronic devices (such as superparamagnetic tunnel junctions) makes them attractive for hardware implementations of probabilistic computing approaches.

In memory computing

The most promising solutions for non-Von Neumann, in-memory computing architectures are based on the use of emerging technologies, that are able to act as both storage and information processing units thanks to their specific physical properties. High accuracy, Deep neural networks (DNN) can be built with crossbars analog in memory computing concept, involving MRAM families, such as STT, SOT, VCMA, but also with more exotic families of magneto-resistive, and ferroelectric or skyrmion based devices.

The team

Projects

Partners

  • CEA LIST
  • UMPHY
  • CEA LETI

Recent news

  • STOCHNET – An ANR project (December 09th, 2021)STOCHNET – An ANR project
    STOCHNET stands for Hybrid Stochastic Tunnel Junction Circuits for Optimization and Inference. The motivation behind StochNet is to explore — through experimental demonstrations with hybrid CMOS stochastic tunnel junction circuits and simulations of theoretical ...
  • 24 months postdoc position – spintronic unconventional computing using stochastic magnetic tunnel junctions (December 02nd, 2021)24 months postdoc position - spintronic unconventional computing using stochastic magnetic tunnel junctions
    In the frame of the joint US-French NSF-ANR project StochNet, Spintec laboratory is opening a postdoctoral researcher position. The candidate will work on stochastic magnetic tunnel junctions grown and fabricated at Spintec, and will use ...
  • Masters thesis projects for Spring 2022 (September 17th, 2021)Masters thesis projects for Spring 2022
    You find here the list of proposals for Master-2 internships to take place at Spintec during Spring 2022. In most cases, these internships are intended to be suitable for a longer-term PhD work. Interested Master-1 ...
  • [POSITION FILLED] Post-doctoral positions – Coupled nano-oscillator arrays for brain inspired computing (August 04th, 2021)[POSITION FILLED] Post-doctoral positions - Coupled nano-oscillator arrays for brain inspired computing
    SPINTEC laboratory (Grenoble, France), in collaboration with CEA-LETI, has currently two postdoc position openings to work on theory (12 month) and on experiment (18 month) of coupled oscillator arrays for implementing neuromorphic and unconventional computing ...
  • NeuSPIN – An ANR project (June 24th, 2021)NeuSPIN – An ANR project
    NeuSPIN stands for Design of a reliable edge neuromorphic system based on spintronics for Green AI. Current computing architectures with separate processing and memory blocks are not ideal for energy-efficient learning and inference processing for ...

Publications

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