Nanofabrication




A team at SPINTEC in Grenoble has demonstrated thermally stable and electrically switchable Spin Transfer Torque MRAM (STT-MRAM) of diameter down to 4nm. Among the various technologies of non-volatile memories, STT-MRAM gathers a unique combination of assets: non-volatility, write speed (3-30ns), density (4Gbit demonstrated by Hynix/Toshiba), low consumption (a few tens of fJ/write), and very […]

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This study discuss the shift observed in spintronics from the current-perpendicular-to-plane geometry towards lateral geometries, illustrating the new opportunities offered by this configuration. The possibility to combine ultrathin magnetic and non-magnetic layers allowed creating hetero-structures whose dimensions are smaller than the characteristic lengths of the spin-dependent transport. This has notably led to the discovery of […]

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Spin orbit torques allow to move efficiently DW in tracks made of ferromagnetic/spin Hall effect bilayer. Domain wall (DW) detection is then of great importance. In this letter, we demonstrate a detection method, based on the ability for a ferromagnetic nanowire, in which a DW is pinned, to inject or detect a pure spin current. […]

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Germanium is one of the most appealing candidate for spintronic applications, thanks to its compatibility with the Si platform, the long electron spin lifetime and the optical properties matching the conventional telecommunication window. Electrical spin injection schemes have always been exploited to generate spin accumulations and pure spin currents in bulk Ge. Here, we use […]

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We have developed arrays of innovative magnetic nanotweezers or “nanojaws” on silicon wafers, by a top-down approach using the fabrication techniques of microelectronics. The mechanical manipulation of micro- and nanometric objects relies on constantly evolving techniques, which are of great interest to the life sciences and biotechnologies. Numerous biomedical studies, either fundamental or applied to […]

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Magnetic field mapping techniques have continuously been developed due to the necessity for determining the spatial components of local magnetic fields in many industrial applications and fundamental research. Several factors are considered for sensors such as spatial resolution, sensitivity, linear response, required proximity to the sample, as well as the ability to filter noise and […]

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Misalign to write faster

The writing in conventional magnetic memories based on magnetic tunnel junctions (STT-MRAM) is intrinsically stochastic : a large amplitude thermal fluctuation is required to trigger the siwthing of the storage layer magnetization. SPINTEC has shown that this stochasticity can be almost completely suppressed by inducing an oblique anisotropy (easy-cone anisotropy) in the storage layer. This […]

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A CoFe based ferromagnetic alloy has been used in lateral spin valves to replace NiFe alloys, which are overwhelmingly exploited as ferromagnets electrodes in lateral spintronic devices. By using this second material, emitted signals are found to be one order of magnitude larger. In addition to using the electric charge of the electron, spintronic technologies […]

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Ces structures magnétiques nanométriques ont été observées à températures ambiante dans des matériaux compatibles avec l’industrie électronique. Ces résultats font sauter un verrou important quant à l’utilisation des skyrmions comme vecteur d’information à l’échelle nanométrique dans nos ordinateurs.

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