MRAM



Research team MRAM memories, within the Devices group


Yue Zhang , Weisheng Zhao , Guillaume Prenat , Thibaut Devolder , Jacques-Olivier Klein , Claude Chappert , Bernard Dieny , and Dafiné Ravelosona Magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ) are considered as one of the most promising candidates for the next generation of nonvolatile memories and programmable logic chips. Spin transfer torque (STT) in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB MTJs […]

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S. Leulmi, H. Joisten, T. Dietsch, C. Iss, M. Morcrette, S. Auffret, P. Sabon, and B. Dieny Magnetic nanoparticles are receiving an increasing interest for various biotechnological applications due to the capability that they offer to exert actuation on biological species via external magnetic fields. In this study, two types of magnetic particles recently proposed […]

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We propose a model that describes current-in-plane tunneling transport in double barrier magnetic tunnel junctions in diffusive regime. Our study shows that specific features appear in double junctions that are described by introducing two typical length scales. The model may be used to measure the magnetoresistance and the resistance area product of both barriers in […]

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1 Introduction 2 Magnetic Tunnel Junctions: A Route for CMOS/Magnetism Integration 3 Spin-Transfer Phenomenon 4 Magnetic Random Access Memories (MRAM) 4.1 Stoner-Wolfarth MRAM (SW-MRAM) 4.2 Toggle MRAM 4.3 Spin-Transfer Torque MRAM (STT-MRAM) 4.4 Thermally Assisted MRAM (TA-MRAM) 5 Racetrack Memories

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I.L. Prejbeanu, R.C. Sousa, B. Dieny, J.-P. Nozieres, S. Bandiera, K. Mackay On paper, MRAMs combine non volatility, high speed, moderate power consumption, infinite endurance and radiation hardness, all at low cost and easy to embed. Since its inception in the late 90’s, however, and despite numerous promising announcements from laboratories, large corporations and start-ups, […]

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A. Mejdoubi, G. Prenat, and B. Dieny Magnetic Tunnel Junction (MTJ) devices are CMOS compatible with high stability, high reliability and non-volatility. A macro-model of MTJ with precessional switching is presented in this paper. This model is based on Spin-Transfer Torque (STT) writing approach. The current-induced magnetic switching and excitations was studied in structures comprising […]

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Spinelectronics is a very rapidly expanding area of R&D which merges magnetism and electronics (Nobel Prize 2007). Since the discovery of giant magneto-resistance (GMR) in 1988, several breakthroughs have further boosted this field [spin-valves 1990, tunnel magneto-resistance (TMR) 1995, spin-transfer 1996, voltage controlled magnetic properties 2004]. The phenomenon of spin-transfer is particularly attractive both from […]

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Charge- and spin-diffusion equations, taking into account spin-diffusion and spin-transfer torque, were numerically solved using a finite element method in complex noncollinear geometry. As an illustration, this approach was used to study the spin-dependent transport in a two-dimensional model giant magnetoresistance metallic pillar sandwiched between extended electrodes as is the case in magnetoresistive heads for […]

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A recent report from ITRS ERD/ERM working group has identified STT MRAM and RedoxRAM as the most promising candidates for emerging scalable and manufacturable non-volatile memories1. This paper is focused on MRAM. It explains how the heating produced by Joule dissipation around the tunnel barrier of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ) can be used to assist […]

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This paper is focused on thermally assisted magnetic random access memories (TA-MRAMs). It explains how the heating produced by Joule dissipation around the tunnel barrier of magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) can be used advantageously to assist writing in MRAMs. The main idea is to apply a heating pulse to the junction simultaneously with a magnetic […]

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